NAEPDC - National Adult Education Professional Development Consortium LINCSearch - Search Literacy Information
A natural resource for adult education state directors and their staff members.
Members State Staff Publications Staff Site Map


Curriculum and Instruction


Learner Persistence /Content Standards/Technology Standards/

Curriculum and Lesson Plans/Program Analysis Charts/



Learner Persistence


State staff presentation made by Lennox McLendon and Kathi Polis at 2007 State Directors' Conference in Philadelphia, PA

Powerpoint and Training Packet


The California Adult Education's Adult Learner Persistence website has an

interactive system for exploring adult learner persistence issues. It includes suggestions on data collection, links to relevant research, suggested program

practices (based on research), and questions for evaluating your program.


Student Persistence Research and Articles


Adult Learner Retention Revisited (Kerka, S. 1995)


Build Motivation by Building Learner Participation (Garner, B.  1998)


CPAL Persistence How-To's NEW


Getting into Groups (Pritza, M.  1998)


Getting to Class and Completing a Semester is Tough,

pg. 12 (Sticht, T. et al. 1998)


Improving Retention in Adult Basic Education and

Recommended Strategies for Effective Instructional and Counseling Interventions (Quigley, B. 1997)


NCSALL’s Adult Persistence Study

Persistence among Adult Basic Education Students in Pre-GED Classes

(Comings, J. Parrella, A, & Soricone, L. 1999)


NCSALL:  Bibliography of NCSALL’s persistence research NEW


Helping Adults Persist:  Four Supports, pg. 6 (Comings, J. Parrella, A,

& Soricone, L. 2000)


Sponsors and Sponsorship, pg 13 (Comings, J. & Cuban, S. 2002)


Stopping Out, Not Dropping Out, pg. 7 (Belzer, A. 1998)


Staying in a Literacy Program (Willard, A.  1998)


Self Efficacy (Bandura, A. 1994)


The First Three Weeks:  A Critical Time for Motivation (Quigley, B. 1998)




Strategies, Tips, and More


Adult Students: Recruitment and Retention
M. Wonacott, Practice Application Brief No. 18, ERIC Clearinghouse of Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 2001
Reviews research on adult learner persistence and provides guidelines for recruiting and retaining adult learners.



Enhancing Adult Motivation to Learn: A Comprehensive Guide for Teaching All Adults
R.J. Wlodkowski, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1998
Revised edition offers culturally responsive practical advice and strategies to enhance adults’ motivation to learn. Looks at theory and research on how motivation affects instruction and highlights the integration of motivational strategies into lesson plans.
Available for purchase from



Group Goal Setting Activities:  An Approach from Youth Service Corps

Provides various options for helping students set realistic goals.



Kentucky’s tool kit of retention research, promising practices and tools (local implementation examples)


National Adult Education Honor Society

Includes information on the history, student eligibility, inducting students, getting started, benefits, and nomination process.



NCSALL Seminar Guide: Helping Adults Persist.
This 3 ˝-hour seminar introduces adult education practitioners to the research on adult student persistence, focusing on the positive and negative forces that help and hinder persistence.


NCSALL Seminar Guide: Supports and Barriers to Persistence.
In this 4-hour seminar, participants explore reasons why students leave programs and ways to support students, including sponsorship.


NCSALL Seminar Guide: Self-efficacy in Persistence.
This 3 ˝-hour seminar introduces adult education practitioners to the four supports to adult student persistence identified in the research study.


Ordering Information for the Group Embedded Figures Test

Ordering information for the GEFT that assesses cognitive style and analytical ability.



Student/Teacher Evaluation and Planning Session (STEPS)

Provides a detailed process for setting up and implementing regularly scheduled planning sessions between adult students and teachers.


Content Standards

National Content Standards Warehouse

This site supports adult educators in their efforts to develop, align, and implement content standards in English language acquisition (ELA), mathematics, and reading.

Use this site to:

  • View a wide range of useful content standards

  • Develop content standards

  • Plan professional development

  • Design standards-based curriculum and instruction

Technology Standards



Curriculum and Lesson Plans

Arizona STAR Curriculum and Instruction


Job Readiness Curriculum - Hit the Ground Running

This curriculum, developed by West Virginia's Adult Education Program, is designed to help adult learners who are preparing for employment or entry into a job training program.  The curriculum consists of three components:  (1) applied basic skills as measured by the WorkKeys assessments, (2) computer literacy, and (3) work readiness skills.  An online version is also available.



Program Analysis Charts

The State Staff Workgroup is in the process of developing Program Analysis Charts, tools that state adult education staff can use to assist local programs in making informed decisions related to instructional management.  The charts consist of a series of questions, helpful hints, and state-developed resources that programs can use to strengthen their instructional delivery system. 

When completed, the program analysis charts will include:

1.  Student Recruitment

2.  Student Intake and Orientation

3.  Assessment

4.  Planning and Instruction

5.  Student Retention

6.  Student Accountability and Evaluation

7.  Professional Development

8.  Program Evaluation


Contact us: Dr. Lennox McLendon, Executive Director; 444 North Capitol Street, NW; Suite 422; Washington, DC 20001
Phone: 202-624-5250; Fax: 202-624-1497; Email: