Curriculum and Instruction
Persistence /Content Standards/Technology
Curriculum and Lesson Plans/Program
State staff presentation made by Lennox McLendon
and Kathi Polis at 2007 State Directors' Conference in Philadelphia, PA
Education's Adult Learner Persistence website has an
interactive system for exploring adult learner
persistence issues. It includes suggestions on data collection, links to
relevant research, suggested program
practices (based on research), and questions for
evaluating your program.
Research and Articles
Adult Learner Retention Revisited (Kerka,
Build Motivation by Building Learner Participation
(Garner, B. 1998)
CPAL Persistence How-To's NEW
Getting into Groups (Pritza, M.
Getting to Class and Completing a Semester is Tough,
(Sticht, T. et al. 1998)
Improving Retention in Adult Basic Education and
Recommended Strategies for Effective Instructional and
Counseling Interventions (Quigley, B. 1997)
NCSALL’s Adult Persistence
Persistence among Adult Basic Education Students in Pre-GED
(Comings, J. Parrella, A,
& Soricone, L. 1999)
NCSALL: Bibliography of NCSALL’s persistence research NEW
Helping Adults Persist: Four Supports,
pg. 6 (Comings, J. Parrella, A,
& Soricone, L. 2000)
Sponsors and Sponsorship,
pg 13 (Comings, J. & Cuban, S. 2002)
Stopping Out, Not Dropping Out,
pg. 7 (Belzer, A. 1998)
Staying in a Literacy Program
Self Efficacy (Bandura, A. 1994)
The First Three Weeks: A Critical Time for Motivation
(Quigley, B. 1998)
Strategies, Tips, and More
Adult Students: Recruitment and Retention
M. Wonacott, Practice Application Brief No. 18, ERIC Clearinghouse of
Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 2001
Reviews research on adult learner persistence and provides guidelines for
recruiting and retaining adult learners.
Enhancing Adult Motivation to Learn: A Comprehensive Guide
for Teaching All Adults
R.J. Wlodkowski, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1998
Revised edition offers culturally responsive practical advice and strategies
to enhance adults’ motivation to learn. Looks at theory and research on how
motivation affects instruction and highlights the integration of
motivational strategies into lesson plans.
Available for purchase from
Group Goal Setting Activities: An Approach from Youth
Provides various options
for helping students set realistic goals.
Kentucky’s tool kit of retention research, promising practices and tools (local implementation examples)
National Adult Education Honor Society
Includes information on
the history, student eligibility, inducting students, getting started,
benefits, and nomination process.
Seminar Guide: Helping Adults Persist.
This 3 ˝-hour seminar introduces adult education practitioners to the
research on adult student persistence, focusing on the positive and negative
forces that help and hinder persistence.
Seminar Guide: Supports and Barriers to
In this 4-hour seminar, participants explore reasons why students leave
programs and ways to support students, including sponsorship.
Seminar Guide: Self-efficacy in
This 3 ˝-hour seminar introduces adult education practitioners to the four
supports to adult student persistence identified in the research study.
Ordering Information for the Group
Embedded Figures Test
Ordering information for
the GEFT that assesses cognitive style and analytical ability.
Student/Teacher Evaluation and Planning Session (STEPS)
Provides a detailed
process for setting up and implementing regularly scheduled planning
sessions between adult students and teachers.
Content Standards Warehouse
This site supports adult educators in their efforts to develop, align,
and implement content standards in English language acquisition (ELA),
mathematics, and reading.
Use this site to:
View a wide range of useful content standards
Develop content standards
Plan professional development
Design standards-based curriculum and instruction
Curriculum and Lesson Plans
Arizona STAR Curriculum and Instruction
Job Readiness Curriculum -
Hit the Ground Running
This curriculum, developed by West Virginia's Adult Education Program,
is designed to help adult learners who are preparing for employment or
entry into a job training program. The curriculum consists of
three components: (1) applied basic skills as measured by the
WorkKeys assessments, (2) computer literacy, and (3) work readiness
skills. An online version is also available.
The State Staff Workgroup is in the process of developing Program Analysis
Charts, tools that state adult education staff can use to assist local programs
in making informed decisions related to instructional management. The
charts consist of a series of questions, helpful hints, and state-developed
resources that programs can use to strengthen their instructional delivery
When completed, the program analysis charts will
1. Student Recruitment
Student Intake and Orientation
4. Planning and Instruction
5. Student Retention
6. Student Accountability and Evaluation
7. Professional Development
8. Program Evaluation